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Top 5 Things You Should Know About Zika

  • Zika virus is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito and through unprotected sex with someone who is infected.  it can also spread from an infected pregnant woman to her developing baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth.
  • You are at risk if you or your sexual partner travel to areas with Zika, including Mexico.
  • A pregnant woman’s developing baby is at greatest risk of being harmed by the Zika virus. Zika can cause miscarriage, stillbirth and severe birth defects.
  • It is very important that women who are pregnant or planning pregnancy avoid areas with Zika to protect their developing baby from Zika infection.
  • If it is necessary to visit these areas, use EPA-registered insect repellent to protect against mosquito bites and practice safer sex.

At this time, no one has been infected with Zika from mosquitoes in California.

Tips for Pregnant Couples

Couples that are pregnant should practice safer sex by using condoms (male or female) and dental dams during all types of sex, from start to finish, especially if one partner has recently been to an area with Zika. Men infected with Zika can pass the virus through sex for up to 6 months. Talk with your doctor about your family plan and any recent or upcoming travel.

Tips for Couples Considering Pregnancy

Couples planning pregnancy should talk with their prenatal healthcare provider before and after travel to an area with Zika risk.  If you or your sexual partner are at risk for Zika, have had any symptoms of Zika, or have recently tested positive for Zika, your healthcare provider may advise you to consider delaying pregnancy:

  • Women should consider waiting at least 2 months.
  • Men should consider waiting at least 6 months.


For more information about Zika virus, visit the CDPH website.

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